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Arabica subspecies

 

Here are some of the many subspecies of Arabica and Robusta coffee.

 

Arabica subspecies

 

Here are some of the many subspecies of Arabica and Robusta coffee.

 

Typica

 

typica coffee beans.jpg Typica coffee Farm

 

Typica (aka :- Criolla, Blue Mountain, Blawan Pasumah, Sumatra)

The famous Jamaican Blue Mountain is a variety of Typica.

Grown in Central America, Jamaica and Indonesia, it loves sandy soils and is distinguished by its large elongated cherries and the trees thin long leaves.

Typica is regarded as a very high quality coffee variety because of its great flavour characteristics.

You can expect a pleasant acidity, citrus with floral notes and sweet finish which lingers.

 

Bourbon

 

 Bourbon coffee beans

Yellow Bourbon

 

Bourbon

A variety developed by the French on the Island of Bourbon (now called Reunion), in the Indian ocean off Africa. Bourbon yields more than Typica (20-30%), is also more robust and comparable quality so a favourite for coffee growers!

Bourbon characteristics are its broad leaves and round cherries. You can expect light body, bright acidity and a whiney sweetness, a delicious delicate balance!

 

Cattura

 

cattura coffee beans.jpg

 Cattura Cherries

Cattura

A mutant of the Bourbon variety, originating in Brazil in 1937. The bonuses offered by this strain are its dwarf size, so it’s easy to harvest and density of planting leading to great yields for area used.

The quality improves with altitude but the yield falls! The flavour profile is distinctly more citrusy but less sweet than Bourbon with a light body also.

 

Catuai

 

cattuai coffee beans.jpg

catuai coffee farm

Catuai

A cross between Mundo Novo and Yellow Caturra. A dwarf variety which now accounts for 50% of coffee production in Brazil and is widely used in Central America. It has high yields and good resistance to wind and rain. A new variety called Ouro verde was introduced around 2000 which yields even better!

 

SL28

 

 kenya SL28 coffee beans.jpg

 

SL28

A hybrid of Bourbon and Mokka developed by Scottish labs in Kenya during the colonial years.

It’s a low yielding plant but very high quality and typical of Kenya. It has rich blackcurrant acidity.

 

Rasuna

 

 green rasuna coffee beans.jpg

green rasuna beans

 

Rasuna

A hybrid of Catimor and Tipica. A new variety being planted in Sumatra Indonesia around the Takengon area due to its high yields and favourable characteristics of both Catimor and Tipica.

 

Catimor

 

 

Catimor

A cross between a natural arabica-robusta hybrid from Timor and Caturra (developed in Portugal in 1959). Its Robusta heritage gives it a sour acidity, a rough mouth feel and slightly salty aftertaste. It yields well but with poor flavour characteristics.

 

Mundo Nova

 

 

Mundo Nova

A hybrid of Bourbon and Typica developed in Brazil in the 40’s. It has high yields (30% more than bourbon) and is disease resistant so it’s a very desirable strain for coffee farmers. Mundo Nova accounts for 40% of Brazilian coffee production as it lends itself so well to the growing conditions there.

From a cup of Mundo Nova you can expect good body, low acidity, slight bitterness and some sweetness.

 

Gesha

 

 

Gesha

Originally from the south western Ethiopian town of Gesha. A little known variety, it was originally introduced to Central America in Costa Rica around 1953. Low yielding, thin and spindly branches a gangly plant vulnerable to open to strong winds.

Esteemed in coffee circles the quality can vary but it has potential to be amazing!

From a cup of gesha expect a floral aroma, bright acidity, smooth mouth feel with an exotic sweet finish.

 

Maragogype

 

 

Maragogype

Pronounced mar-rah-go-jeepeh, a mutation of Typica, developed in Brazil. The Maragogype coffee plant is large, taller than either Bourbon or Typica. Yield is low, but the seeds are very large and dubbed “elephant coffee beans”. The cup characteristics are highly appreciated and you can expect high acidity bright citrus fruits like lemon grapefruit and floral notes.

 

Maracaturra

 

 

Maracaturra

Is a mutant of Maragogype and Caturra. The Maracatu plant has very distinctive large leaves and large fruit. Found in Central America, predominantly in El Salvador, Nicaragua, Brazil and Mexico.
The typical taste profile is bright complex acidity, fruity, and well developed.

 

Pacamara

 

 

Pacamara

A cross between Maragogype and Pacas originating in El Salvador in 1958. Has its own distinct flavours, chocolate, fruity, herbal and the less desirable green onion!     

       

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